Saturday, February 20, 2016

Bog #5 Trails

Trails of North and Central America

The Lewis and Clark Expedition: Commissioned shortly after the Louisiana Purchase by Thomas Jefferson for the purpose of mapping the newly acquired territory as well as find the most secure route for safe passage.  Famously led by Sacagawea, this journey was the first expedition to cross the western portion of the United States. The expedition began in May, 1804 and concluded September 1806.

Early Human Migration: a highly debated portrayal of human passage to the America's, it was originally thought that all humans arrived in the America's over the Bering Straight land bridge  during the last major ice age. However, recent archaeological data supports a water route must have also been necessary to match recent carbon date analysis.

The Underground Railroad: Although not an actual railroad, or even a defined trail, the Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century slaves of African descent in efforts to escape to free states or Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause.

Indian Removal Act Migration: The Indian Removal Act was passed by Congress in May 1830, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. The law authorised the president to negotiate with southern Indian tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their ancestral homelands. This act included the now famous "Trail of Tears."

The Oregon Trail: This is a 2,200-mile historic east–west wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. Utilized by fur trappers, farmers, and gold-rush chasers alike this trail was in high use from 1810- to 1869 with the completion of the first transcontinental railroad.

The Great Indian War Path: The American Indians developed a network of eastern trade and warrior trails stretching from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. The Great Warrior Path from New York to the Carolinas served as the western boundary of British settlement until 1744. The trail would eventually evolve into one of the most important roads in Colonial America.

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